In a few words, Croatia (Republika Hrvatska, HR) is a small country in southeast Europe with about 4.6 mil. inhabitants covering an area of 56 538 km2.
Geographically, Croatia is divided into three regions: Panonian lowland, mountain and coastal. Politically, it is divided into 20 counties (županije), which are subdivided into cities and communities.
Beside Croats, there are many other ethnic communities. Most citizens are Roman Catholics.
The official language is Croatian. Many people also speak English, German and Italian (especially in the coastal area).
Croatia’s economic aspirations lie in tourism and agriculture. The main industries are: food, chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, textile, leather, wood, tobacco and shipbuilding industries. Croatia also acts as ‘the exit to the sea’ for the land-locked Central European countries and a link between East and West.
Croatia is a Republic and the political system is a parliamentary democracy, which was established in 1990. The government is represented by the President, the bicameral Parliament (Sabor, made up of the Deputy house – Zastupnički dom and the County house – Županijski dom) and the Government (Vlada).
Croatia has eight national parks: Brijuni islands, Risnjak mountain, Plitvice lakes, Paklenica gorge, Sjeverni Velebit mountain, Kornati islands, the Krka river and the island of Mljet as well as many nature parks and game reserves. The love for nature is also expressed in the national anthem: Lijepa naša Domovino (‘Our Lovely Homeland’).
Croatia is a young country, born in 1991 thanks to the courage and devotion of its citizens. It has a long and rich history, signs of which can be found almost everywhere.
If you don’t know where to start in your discovery of our country, begin with numerous natural beauties, our traditional hospitality, and of course, our coast, which is said to be the most beautiful in Europe.
In Croatia, you can experience two different types of climate. The Mediterranean climate prevails in the coastal region, with a lot of sunny days, hot summers and mild winters. You can enjoy yourself on numerous beaches during five warm months (June – October). In the continental region, there is, of course, the Continental climate: pretty hot during the summer, and pretty cold in the winter.
Average temperatures during the summer period are between 25-35 °C. It is rather windy by the seaside, so windsurfing is possible (and enjoyable).
It doesn’t rain a lot in Croatia. There is the same number of sunny and rainy days. If you are going to stay here in September or onwards we suggest you to bring some warm clothes as well (e.g. jacket, sweaters).